基于矿物单次散射反照率光谱库的稀疏解混算法

遥感学报 1(20), pp 53-61, 2016/01/20

林红磊; 张霞; 孙艳丽;
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

基于 MODIS 植被指数时间谱的太湖 2001 年—2013 年

光谱学与光谱分析 5(36), pp 1406-1411, 2016/02/04

李瑶,张立福,黄长平,王晋年,岑奕
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Hyperspectral signal unmixing based on constrained non-negati

Neurocomputing 0(204), pp 153-161, 2016/03/02

王楠;张立福等
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Hyperspectral unmixing is a hot topic in signal and image processing. A set of high-dimensional data matrices can be decomposed into two sets of non-negative low-dimensional matrices by Non-negative matrix factorization (NMF). However, the algorithm has many local solutions because of the non-convexity of the objective function. Some algorithms solve this problem by adding auxiliary constraints, such as sparse. The sparse NMF has a good performance but the result is unstable and sensitive to noise. Using the structural information for the unmixing approaches can make the decomposition stable. Someone used a clustering based on Euclidean distance to guide the decomposition and obtain good performance. The Euclidean distance is just used to measure the straight line distance of two points. However, the ground objects usually obey certain statistical distribution. It׳s difficult to measure the difference between the statistical distributions comprehensively by Euclidean distance. Kullback–Leibler divergence (KL divergence) is a better metric. In this paper, we propose a new approach named KL divergence constrained NMF which measures the statistical distribution difference using KL divergence instead of the Euclidean distance. It can improve the accuracy of structured information by using the KL divergence in the algorithm. Experimental results based on synthetic and real hyperspectral data show the superiority of the proposed algorithm with respect to other state-of-the-art algorithms.

Abundance retrieval of hydrous minerals around the Mars Scien

Planetary and Space Science 0(121), pp 76-82, 2016/03/24

林红磊;张霞;帅通
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
The detection of hydrous minerals on Mars is of great importance for revealing the early water environment as well as possible biotic activity. However, few studies focus on abundance retrieval of hydrous minerals for some difficulties. In this paper, we studied the area around the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) landing site, to identify hydrous minerals and retrieve their abundance. Firstly, the distribution of hydrous minerals was extracted using their hydration features. Then, a sparse unmixing algorithm was applied along with the CRISM spectral library to retrieve the abundance of hydrous minerals in this area. As a result, seven hydrous minerals were retrieved, i.e. actinolite, montmorillonite, saponite, jarosite, halloysite, szomolnokite and magnesite and, the total concentration of all hydrous minerals was as high as 40聽vol% near the lower reaches of Mount Sharp. Our results were consistent with results from related research and the in-situ analysis of the MSL rover Curiosity.

ESTARFM 模型在西藏色林错湖面积时空变化中的应用

地球信息科学学报 6(18), pp 833-846, 2016/07/14

郝贵斌,吴波,张立福,付东杰,李瑶
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

基于数字相机的草地物候模拟及其与气象因子关

遥感技术与应用 5(31), pp 966-974, 2016/04/05

周惠慧; 付东杰; 张立福; 王文生; 岑奕; 王晋年
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Evaluation of Spectral Scale Effects in Estimation of Vegetat

Chinese Geographical Science 6(26), pp 731-744, 2016/07/02

胡顺石;姜海玲;张立福等
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Spectral index methodology has been widely used in Leaf Area Index(LAI) retrieval at different spatial scales. There are differences in the spectral response of different remote sensors and thus spectral scale effect generated during the use of spectral indices to retrieve LAI. In this study, PROSPECT, leaf optical properties model and Scattering by Arbitrarily Inclined Layers(SAIL) model, were used to simulate canopy spectral reflectance with a bandwidth of 5 nm and a Gaussian spectral response function was employed to simulate the spectral data at six bandwidths ranging from 10 to 35 nm. Additionally, for bandwidths from 5 to 35 nm, the correlation between the spectral index and LAI, and the sensitivities of the spectral index to changes in LAI and bandwidth were analyzed. Finally, the reflectance data at six bandwidths ranging from 40 to 65 nm were used to verify the spectral scale effect generated during the use of the spectral index to retrieve LAI. Results indicate that Vegetation Index of the Universal Pattern Decomposition(VIUPD) had the highest accuracy during LAI retrieval. Followed by Normalized Difference Vegetation Index(NDVI), Modified Simple Ratio Indices(MSRI) and Triangle Vegetation Index(TVI), although the coefficient of determination R~2 was higher than 0.96, the retrieved LAI values were less than the actual value and thus lacked validity. Other spectral indices were significantly affected by the spectral scale effect with poor retrieval results. In this study, VIUPD, which exhibited a relatively good correlation and sensitivity to LAI, was less affected by the spectral scale effect and had a relatively good retrieval capability. This conclusion supports a purported feature independent of the sensor of this model and also confirms the great potential of VIUPD for retrieval of physicochemical parameters of vegetation using multi-source remote sensing data.

植被叶片叶绿素含量反演的光谱尺度效应研究

光谱学与光谱分析 1(36), pp 169-176, 2016/06/02

姜海玲,张立福,杨杭,陈小平,童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Tree species classification based on stem-related feature par

International Journal of Remote Sensing 18(37), pp 4420-4440, 2016/08/31

张立福等
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Tree species information is crucial for forest ecology and management, and development of techniques efficient for tree species classification has long been highlighted. In order to fulfil this task, a large variety of remote-sensing technologies have been attempted. Static terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) is such a representative case, which has proved to be capable of deriving explicit tree structure feature parameters (ETSPs) and has been primarily validated for tree species classification. However, in practice for each forest plot mapped by TLS, this kind of ETSP-based solutions can only work for the first circle layer of individual trees surrounding the TLS systems, because the trees at the outer circle layers tend to show incomplete crown representations due to the effect of laser obscuration. This adverse circumstance even may occur to the scenario of TLS-based inventory in the multi-scan mode. To break through this restriction, this study focused on tree stems that tend to be more readily mapped by TLS in the complicated forest environment, and then, their comparatively complete forms were used to comprehensively derive primarily stem-related feature parameters (SRPs) for distinguishing different tree species. Specifically, in this study 14 SRPs were proposed, mainly based on stem structure and surface texture characteristics. Based on a Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier, the classification was operated in the leave-one-out cross-validation (LOOCV) mode. In the case of four typical boreal tree species, that is, Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris, Populus tremula, and Quercus robur, tests showed that the optimal total classification accuracy reached 71.93%. Given that tree stems generally display less features than crowns, the result is acceptable. Overall, the positive results have validated the strategy of fulfilling TLS-based tree species classification by deriving predominantly stem-related feature parameters, and this, in a broad sense, can expand the effective range of TLS on forest ecological studies.

Development of a Portable Field Imaging Spectrometer: Applica

 5(70), pp 879-0, 2016/03/16

张红明;吴太夏;张立福等
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Abstract We fabricated a visible-near-infrared (Vis-NIR) portable field imaging spectrometer with a prism-grating-prism element and a scanning mirror. The developed Vis-NIR imaging spectrometer, consisting of an INFINITY 3-1 detector and a V10E spectrometer from Specim Corporation, is designed to measure the spectral range between 0.4 and 1 碌m with spectral resolution of 2-4 nm. In recent years, sulfur fumigation has been abused during the processing of certain freshly harvested Chinese herbs. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, fiber optic NIR spectrometry, and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry are typically used to analyze the chemical profiles of sulfur-fumigated and sun-dried Chinese herbs. Field imaging spectrometry is rarely used to identify sulfur-fumigated herbs. In this study, field imaging spectrometry, principal component analysis, and the partial least squares-discriminant analysis multivariate data analysis method are used to distinguish sun-dried and sulfur-fumigated Chinese medicinal herbs with a sensitivity of 96.4% and a specificity of 98.3% for RPA identification. These results suggest that hyperspectral imaging is a potential technique to control medicine quality for medical applications

Interfacial characterization of an oxide fiber-reinforced sil

Ceramics International 5(42), pp 6504-6509, 2016/03/10

高英倩;张立福等
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
The interfacial properties of three dimensional (3D) Nextel鈩440 fiber-reinforced silica (N440/SiO2) ceramic matrix composites containing a single layer pyrocarbon (PyC) interphase were investigated. The fiber/matrix bonding was characterized by the fiber push-in tests. The results showed that the PyC interphase can significantly weaken the interfacial bonding. The three-point bending tests indicated that the PyC interphase played a key role in the strength improvement of the composites. The fiber/matrix interface was observed by SEM and TEM in order to clarify the mechanism. Microstructure analysis revealed that the PyC interphase was chemically inert to the fiber and the matrix, and that the interfacial reaction was dramatically restrained. Moreover, the inherent layer structure of PyC proved to be very beneficial for crack deflection. Finally, the weakening occurred between the fiber and the coating, between the coating and the matrix, and within the coating.

Crop Classification Based on Feature Band Set Construction an

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing 9(9), pp 4117-4128, 2016/07/27

张霞,孙艳丽,尚坤,张立福,王树东
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Remote sensing plays a significant role for crop classification. Accurate crop classification is a common requirement to precision agriculture, including crop area estimation, crop yield estimation, precision crop management, etc. This paper developed a new crop classification method involving the construction and optimization of the vegetation feature band set (FBS) and combination of FBS and object-oriented classification (OOC) approach. In addition to the spectral and textural features of the original image, 20 spectral indices sensitive to the vegetation’s biological parameters are added to the FBS to distinguish specific vegetation. A spectral dimension optimization algorithm of FBS based on class-pair separability (CPS) is also proposed to improve the separability between class pairs while reducing data redundancy. OOC approach is conducted on the optimized FBS based on CPS to reduce the salt-and-pepper noise. The proposed classification method was validated by two airborne hyperspectral images. The first image acquired in an agricultural area of Japan includes seven crop types, and the second image acquired in a rice breeding area consists of six varieties of rice. For the first image, the proposed method distinguished different vegetation with an overall accuracy of 97.84% and kappa coefficient of 0.96. For the second image, the proposed method distinguished the rice varieties accurately, achieving the highest overall accuracy (98.65%) and kappa coef- ficient (0.98). Results demonstrate that the proposed method can significantly improve crop classification accuracy and reduce edge effects, and that textural features combined with spectral indices sensitive to the chlorophyll, carotenoid, and Anthocyanin indicators contribute significantly to crop classification. Therefore, it is an effective approach for classifying crop species, monitoring invasive species, as well as precision agriculture related applications.

Selecting photovoltaic generation sites in Tibet using remote

Solar Energy 0(133), pp 85-93, 2016/04/08

王思恒,张立福,付东杰,吴太夏,童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Harnessing solar energy through photovoltaic (PV) generation of electricity is a promising method, expected to reduce greenhouse gas emissions at a relatively low cost. A primary obstacle for the large-scale exploitation of solar energy in regions with poor electrical infrastructure is that the output of the PV systems is hard to match their connection with the electric grid, due to the lack of strategical planning. This study aims to map the most promising locations for potential PV investments in Tibet, China, where solar radiation is in abundance, presenting an opportunity to install PV stations across the country. Geographic information science (GIS) overlay was implemented, considering solar energy distribution, local terrain and native land cover. Several remotely sensed data were employed as input, including time series of solar radiation data, land cover data and digital elevation model data. In total, 4005 sites were selected, with the majority in the regions of Shigatse and Ngari. The results were discussed according to their distance to existing electricity substations, to evaluate the difficulty to be connected to the grid. The work highlights a method for the selection of suitable PV power generation sites, and provides a guidance for the construction of these stations, particularly in Tibet-like regions with poor electrical infrastructure, and harsh environmental conditions.

安徽省森林碳储量现状及固碳潜力

植物生态学报 4(40), pp 395-404, 2016/10/21

王树东等
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

植被叶片含水量反演的精度及敏感性

遥感信息 0(1), pp 48-57, 2016/10/13

陈小平; 王树东; 张立福; 姜海玲;
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不同时间间隔下的遥感时间序列重构模型比较分

地球信息科学学报 10(18), pp 1410-1417, 2016/09/15

周惠慧; 王楠; 黄瑶; 王晋年; 张立福;
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

中国高光谱遥感的前沿进展

遥感学报 5(20), pp 689-707, 2016/08/18

童庆禧; 张兵; 张立福;
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水面原位多角度偏振反射率光谱特性分析与离水

光谱学与光谱分析 10(36), pp 3269-3273, 2016/04/15

吴太夏 等
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Airborne light detection and ranging laser return intensity-b

Journal of Applied Remote Sensing  2(12), pp 26024-0, 2016/10/06

张立福等
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
The significance of laser return intensity has been widely verified in airborne light detection and ranging (LiDAR)-based forest canopy mapping, but this does not mean that all of its roles have been played. People still ask such questions as "Is it possible using this optical attribute of lasers to investigate individual tree-crown insides wherein laser intensity data are typically yielded in complicated echo-triggering modes?" To answer this question, this study examined the characteristics of the intensities of the laser points within 10 Quercus robur trees by fitting their peak amplitudes into default Gaussian distributions and then analyzing the resulting asymmetric tails. Exploratory data analyses showed that the laser points lying within the distribution tails can indicate primary tree branches in a sketchy way. This suggests that the question can be positively answered, and the traditional restriction of airborne LiDAR in canopy mapping at the crown level has been broken. Overall, this study found a unique way to detect primary tree branches in airborne LiDAR data and pointed out how to explore more ways this optical intensity attribute of airborne LiDAR data can measure tree organs at fine scales and further learn their properties. (C) 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)

Evaluation of the Chinese Fine Spatial Resolution Hyperspectr

Remote Sensing 5(8), pp 438-0, 2016/09/02

李雪轲;吴太夏;刘凯;李瑶;张立福
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
The successful launch of the Chinese high spatial resolution hyperspectral satellite TianGong-1 (TG-1) opens up new possibilities for applications of remotely-sensed satellite imagery. One of the main goals of the TG-1 mission is to provide observations of surface attributes at local and landscape spatial scales to map urban land cover accurately using the hyperspectral technique. This study attempted to evaluate the TG-1 datasets for urban feature analysis, using existing data over Beijing, China, by comparing the TG-1 (with a spatial resolution of 10 m) to EO-1 Hyperion (with a spatial resolution of 30 m). The spectral feature of TG-1 was first analyzed and, thus, finding out optimal hyperspectral wavebands useful for the discrimination of urban areas. Based on this, the pixel-based maximum likelihood classifier (PMLC), pixel-based support vector machine (PSVM), hybrid maximum likelihood classifier (HMLC), and hybrid support vector machine (HSVM) were implemented, as well as compared in the application of mapping urban land cover types. The hybrid classifier approach, which integrates the pixel-based classifier and the object-based segmentation approach, was demonstrated as an effective alternative to the conventional pixel-based classifiers for processing the satellite hyperspectral data, especially the fine spatial resolution data. For TG-1 imagery, the pixel-based urban classification was obtained with an average overall accuracy of 89.1%, whereas the hybrid urban classification was obtained with an average overall accuracy of 91.8%. For Hyperion imagery, the pixel-based urban classification was obtained with an average overall accuracy of 85.9%, whereas the hybrid urban classification was obtained with an average overall accuracy of 86.7%. Overall, it can be concluded that the fine spatial resolution satellite hyperspectral data TG-1 is promising in delineating complex urban scenes, especially when using an appropriate classifier, such as the hybrid classifier.

Mineral Absorption Feature Extraction from High-Density Veget

IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 99(99), pp 1-5, 2016/01/15

赵恒谦;张立福等
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Hyperspectral remote sensing has been verified to be an effective tool in mineral information extraction. The existence of vegetation can cause a major problem for mineral exploration, and diagnostic absorption feature has the potential to be the key factor in mineral information extraction from a vegetation-covered area. This letter presents a new approach of mineral absorption feature extraction in high-density vegetation area based on reference spectral background removal. The resulting model can simulate the background curve based on the reference spectral background and eliminate the influence of vegetation through the background removal process. Experiments on simulated data validated its great potential in both qualitative and quantitative analyses for mineral exploration in vegetation-covered area.

一种高光谱成像仪外场光谱辐射定标方法及装置

 (), pp -, 2014/11/27

段依妮; 张立福; 吴太夏; 黄长平; 张红明
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Review on multiple endmember spectral mixture analysis

遥感信息 5(31), pp 11-18, 2016/10/03

戚文超,张霞,岳跃民
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Research on Vegetation Spectrum Denoising Method based on Mat

遥感技术与应用 5(31), pp 846-854, 2016/08/23

张霞, 戚文超 ,孙伟超
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Monitoring and assessing the 2012 drought in the great plains

Remote Sensing 2(8), pp 61-0, 2016/08/06

王思恒,黄长平,张立福,岑奕,吴太夏
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
We examined the relationship between satellite measurements of solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) and several meteorological drought indices, including the multi-time-scale standard precipitation index (SPI) and the Palmer drought severity index (PDSI), to evaluate the potential of using SIF to monitor and assess drought. We found significant positive relationships between SIF and drought indices during the growing season (from June to September). SIF was found to be more sensitive to short-term SPIs (one or two months) and less sensitive to long-term SPI (three months) than were the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) or the normalized difference water index (NDWI). Significant correlations were found between SIF and PDSI during the growing season for the Great Plains. We found good consistency between SIF and flux-estimated gross primary production (GPP) for the years studied, and synchronous declines of SIF and GPP in an extreme drought year (2012). We used SIF to monitor and assess the drought that occurred in the Great Plains during the summer of 2012, and found that although a meteorological drought was experienced throughout the Great Plains from June to September, the western area experienced more agricultural drought than the eastern area. Meanwhile, SIF declined more significantly than NDVI during the peak growing season. Yet for senescence, during which time the reduction of NDVI still went on, the reduction of SIF was eased. Our work provides an alternative to traditional reflectance-based vegetation or drought indices for monitoring and assessing agricultural drought.

Study on recognition model of phyllosilicate of martian surfa

光谱学与光谱分析 12(36), pp 3996-4000, 2016/12/17

张 霞; 吴 兴; 杨 杭; 陈圣波; 林红磊
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Phyllosilicate belongs to hydrated silica, which is a principal form of hydrous minerals on the martian surface. It’s also an indicator in comparing different sediments and degree of aqueous alteration. Therefore, it’s essential to establish its recognition model for studying the geologic evolution of the Mars. Short-wave infrared (SWIR) spectral bands and thermal infrared (TIR) spectral bands have distinct spectral response to the mineral groups and ions, so they have distinctive advantages in detecting minerals. However the method of combining SWIR and TIR to recognize phyllosilicate is rarely studied. Based on the USGS spectral library, facing Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars(CRISM) and Thermal Emission Imaging System(THEMIS),we conducted the research on the mechanism of the spectral response of phyllosilicate, and established the SWIR and TIR identification model respectively, then combined the SWIR and TIR spectral features to build the combined recognition model of phyllosilicate with Fisher discriminant analysis. The results of cross validation show that the identification accuracy of combined model is the highest, which can correctly classify 90.6% of the mineral samples and improve the identification precision of phyllosilicate effectively.

A Modified Locality-Preserving Projection Approach for Hypers

IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 8(13), pp 1059-1063, 2016/08/06

翟涌光,张立福,王楠,岑奕,吴太夏,童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Locality-preserving projection (LPP) is a typical manifold-based dimensionality reduction (DR) method, which has been successfully applied to some pattern recognition tasks. However, LPP depends on an underlying adjacency graph, which has several problems when it is applied to hyperspectral image (HSI) processing. The adjacency graph is artificially created in advance, which may not be suitable for the following DR and classification. It is also difficult to determine an appropriate neighborhood size in graph construction. Additionally, only the information of local neighboring data points is considered in LPP, which is limited for improving classification accuracy. To address these problems, a modified version of the original LPP called MLPP is proposed for hyperspectral remote-sensing image classification. The idea is to select a different number of nearest neighbors for each data point adaptively and to focus on maximizing the distance between nonnearest neighboring points. This not only preserves the intrinsic geometric structure of the data but also increases the separability among ground objects with different spectral characteristics. Moreover, MLPP does not depend on any parameters or prior knowledge. Experiments on two real HSIs from different sensors demonstrate that MLPP is remarkably superior to other conventional DR methods in enhancing classification performance.

Retrieval of sun-induced fluorescence using statistical metho

IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 0(0), pp 0-0, 2017/01/31

暂无
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
暂无

Evaluating an Enhanced Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) Based

Remote Sensing 3(8), pp 224-0, 2016/08/01

焦文哲,张立福,付东杰,岑奕,童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Drought is a complex hazard, and it has an impact on agricultural, ecological, and socio-economic systems. The vegetation condition index (VCI), which is derived from remote-sensing data, has been widely used for drought monitoring. However, VCI based on the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) does not perform well in certain circumstances. In this study, we examined the utility of the vegetation index based on the universal pattern decomposition method (VIUPD) based VCI for drought monitoring in various climate divisions across the continental United States (CONUS).We compared the VIUPD-derived VCI with the NDVI-derived VCI in various climate divisions and during different sub-periods of the growing season. It was also compared with other remote-sensing-based drought indices, such as the temperature condition index (TCI), precipitation condition index (PCI) and the soil moisture condition index (SMCI). The VIUPD-derived VCI had stronger correlations with long-term in situ drought indices, such as the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) and the standardized precipitation index (SPI-3, SPI-6, SPI-9, and SPI-12) than did the NDVI-derived VCI, and other indices, such as TCI, PCI and SMCI. The VIUPD has considerable potential for drought monitoring. As VIUPD can make use of the information from all the observation bands, the VIUPD-derived VCI can be regarded as an enhanced VCI.

Studying drought phenomena in the Continental United States i

Remote Sensing of Environment 0(0), pp 1-20, 2017/01/30

张立福,焦文哲,张红明,黄长平,童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Numerous drought indices have been developed to monitor drought conditions. However, different drought indices have differing characteristics, and are suitable for specific environments. The aim of this study was to compare the occurrence of drought, as detected by remote sensing across the Continental United States (CONUS). We used drought events during 2011 and 2012 to compare various indices developed for the study of drought phenomena. Three in situ drought indices, the Palmer drought severity index (PDSI), Z-index and standardized precipitation indices (SPI) with different time scales were used to evaluate drought conditions in different climate divisions. The drought indices compared in this study include the vegetation condition index (VCI), the temperature condition index (TCI), the perpendicular drought index (PDI) and modified PDI (MPDI) derived from moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, the precipitation condition index (PCI) derived from tropical rainfall measuring mission (TRMM) data, and the soil moisture condition index (SMCI) derived from advanced microwave scanning radiometer - earth observing system (AMSR-E). Other synthesized drought indices, which combine indices such as VCI, TCI, SMCI and PCI, were also compared in this study. These included the vegetation health index (VHI), temperature vegetation dryness index (TVDI), scaled drought condition index (SDCI), the microwave integrated drought index (MIDI), the synthesized drought index (SDI), the optimized meteorological drought index (OMDI), and the optimized vegetation drought index (OVDI). The results include a wide variety of drought conditions based on different drought indices. Meteorological drought indices indicated that more regions were under severe drought than agricultural drought indices did. Drought indices appear to be more similar to standard drought indices than PDI, MPDI and TVDI. The results also indicate that different indices have strengths and weaknesses in different climates across CONUS. SMCI has a good correlation with short-term SPI, and the sensitivity of SMCI is strongly dependent on terrain, as it performs worse in regions with heavy tree cover than in regions with a low density of vegetation. TCI, VCI, PDI and MPDI are more similar to 3-month SPI data, but correlate weakly with station-based indices located in areas of high precipitation, higher soil permeability, large-scale agriculture and forests. PCI is more strongly correlated with short-term drought conditions in almost all climate divisions than other single indices. VCI would be more reliable if there were only red and NIR surface reflectance bands available, while VHI would be a better choice if only NDVI and LST data were available. Condition index-based drought indices (PCI, TCI, VCI, SMCI, VHI, SDCI, SDCI, MIDI, OVDI, OMDI) performed better than other categories of drought indices, and the use of time series analysis may be a contributing factor to this difference in performance.

Remote sensing inversion of suspended matter concentration in

湖北大学学报(自然科学版) 6(38), pp 510-516, 2016/11/03

乔娜,黄长平,张立福,赵红莉,冶运涛,岑奕,李瑶
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Review of the study methods of land carrying capacity

桂林理工大学学报 35(2), pp 280-287, 2015/05/01

张霞,石宁卓,王树东,陈晓宁
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Analysis of the Urban Heat Island Effect in Shijiazhuang, Chi

Remote Sensing 7(4), pp 4804-4833, 2015/04/01

刘凯,张立福
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Image Destriping Method Based on Wavelet Transform

遥感技术与应用 30(5), pp 1004-323, 2015/01/01

张霞,孙伟超,帅通,孙艳丽
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Effects of spatial and spectral scale on hyperspectral target

遥感学报 19(6), pp 1-10, 2015/01/01

石婷婷,张立福,岑奕,孙雪剑,高英倩,童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Mineral Alteration Information Extraction Based on SREM Fusio

地球科学-中国地质大学学报 40(8), pp 1330-1338, 2015/08/01

王桂珍,张立福,孙雪剑,杨 杭,姜海玲,童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Radiometric normalization of hyperspectral satallite images w

遥感学报 19(4), pp 618-626, 2015/01/01

孙艳丽,张霞,帅通,尚坤,冯淑娜
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Oil and Gas Anomaly Extraction by Combining Hyperspectral Ima

地球科学-中国地质大学学报 40(8), pp 1371-1380, 2015/01/01

刘佳
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Spatiotemporal Variation in Surface Urban Heat Island Intensi

Remote Sensing 7(4), pp 3670-3689, 2015/04/01

付东杰
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Urban heat islands (UHIs) created through urbanization can have negative impacts on the lives of people living in cities. They may also vary spatially and temporally over a city. There is, thus, a need for greater understanding of these patterns and their causes. While previous UHI studies focused on only a few cities and/or several explanatory variables, this research provides a comprehensive and comparative characterization of the diurnal and seasonal variation in surface UHI intensities (SUHIIs) across 67 major Chinese cities. The factors associated with the SUHII were assessed by considering a variety of related social, economic and natural factors using a regression tree model. Obvious seasonal variation was observed for the daytime SUHII, and the diurnal variation in SUHII variedseasonally across China. Interestingly, the SUHII varied significantly in character between northern and southern China. Southern China experienced more intense daytime SUHIIs, while the opposite was true for nighttime SUHIIs. Vegetation had the greatest effect in the day time in northern China. In southern China, annual electricity consumption and the number of public buses were found to be important. These results have important theoretical significance and may be of use to mitigate UHI effects.

Comparison of the Continuity of Vegetation Indices Derived fr

Remote Sensing 10(7), pp 13485-13506, 2015/10/01

佘晓君;张立福;岑奕;吴太夏;黄长平;Muhammad Hasan Ali Baig
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Landsat 8, the most recently launched satellite of the series, promises to maintain the continuity of Landsat 7. However, in addition to subtle differences in sensor characteristics and vegetation index (VI) generation algorithms, VIs respond differently to the seasonality of the various types of vegetation cover. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effects of these variations on VIs between Operational Land Imager (OLI) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+). Ground spectral data for vegetation were used to simulate the Landsat at-senor broadband reflectance, with consideration of sensor band-pass differences. Three band-geometric VIs (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Soil-Adjusted Vegetation Index (SAVI), Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI)) and two band-transformation VIs (Vegetation Index based on the Universal Pattern Decomposition method (VIUPD), Tasseled Cap Transformation Greenness (TCG)) were tested to evaluate the performance of various VI generation algorithms in relation to multi-sensor continuity. Six vegetation types were included to evaluate the continuity in different vegetation types. Four pairs of data during four seasons were selected to evaluate continuity with respect to seasonal variation. The simulated data showed that OLI largely inherits the band-pass characteristics of ETM+. Overall, the continuity of band-transformation derived VIs was higher than band-geometry derived VIs. VI continuity was higher in the three forest types and the shrubs in the relatively rapid growth periods of summer and autumn, but lower for the other two non-forest types (grassland and crops) during the same periods.

Increase in flood and drought disasters during 1500-2000 in s

Natural Hazards 77(3), pp 1853-1861, 2015/07/01

汲玉河;周广胜;王树东;
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Climate change has had a huge impact on Southwest China, where extreme weather events have taken on an increasing trend. The region lies in the transition zone of three monsoons (East Asian, Indian, and Tibetan Plateau). We analyzed long-term trends of drought and flood disasters using sequential data on China’s drought and flood incidence over 500 years (1501–2000), as well as precipitation records from 45 weather stations during 1961–2010. Results show that both types of disaster became more frequent. During 1501–2000, drought frequency rose from 2.12 to 4.15 per century to 9.03 and flood frequency from 2.06 to 5.09 per century to 11.94. For the 10 decades during 1900–2000, droughts exhibited a significant increasing trend (R2 = 0.4491), while floods showed a slight increasing trend (R2 = 0.0346). For extreme floods and droughts in 1961–2010, precipitation records revealed that most (2/3) areas in the region had increasing drought or flood frequencies. Generally, both frequency and intensity of these eather hazards conspicuously increased in Southwest China during 1501–2000.

An Analysis of Shadow Effects on Spectral Vegetation Indexes

IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 12(11), pp 2188-2192, 2015/11/02

张立福;孙雪剑;吴太夏;张红明
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Abstract—Sunlit vegetation and shaded vegetation are inseparable parts for most remotely sensed images, and the presence of shadows affects high spatial resolution remote sensing and multiangle remote sensing data. Shadows can lead to either a reduction in or a total loss of information in an image. This can potentially lead to the corruption of biophysical parameters derived from pixel values, such as vegetation indexes (VIs). VIs are widely used in remote sensing inversion applications. If the effects of shadows are not properly accounted for, retrieval may be uncertain when using a VI to calculate vegetation parameters. One of the major reasons that the effects of shadows are easy to be ignored in remote sensing is the spatial resolution of the measurement. High spatial and spectral resolutions are typically difficult to achieve simultaneously, and images that have one tend to not have the other. A ground-based imaging spectrometer brings a turning point to solve this problem as it can obtain both high spatial and high spectral resolutions to obtain feature and shadow images simultaneously. The resolution of the system used here was 1 mm at a height of 1 m, and the spectral resolution was better than 5 nm. For each pixel, the spectral curve of the image was almost a pure-pixel spectral curve, which allowed the differentiation of sunlit and shaded areas. To investigate the effects of shadows on different indexes, 14 hyperspectral VIs were calculated.Moreover, the vegetation fractional coverage calculated using the same 14 VIs was compared. The results show that shadows affect not only each narrowband of a VI but also vegetation parameters.

Spectral Uncertainty of Terrestrial Objects and the Applicabi

光谱学与光谱分析 35(10), pp 2841-2845, 2015/10/01

岑奕,张艮中,张立福,鹿旭晖,张飞舟
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Sophisticated Vegetation Classification Based on Feature Band

光谱学与光谱分析 35(6), pp 1669-1676, 2015/06/11

尚坤;张霞;孙艳丽;张立福;王树东;庄智
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
 There are two major problems of sophisticated vegetation classification(SVC)using hyperspectral image.Classification results using only spectral information can hardly meet the application requirements with the needed vegetation type becoming more sophisticated.And applications of classification image are also limited  due to salt and pepper noise.Therefore the SVC strategy based on construction and optimization of vegetation  feature band set(FBS)is proposed.Besides spectral and texture features of original image,30spectral indices  which are sensitive to biological parameters of vegetation are added into FBS in order to improve the separability  between different kinds of vegetation.And to achieve the same goal a spectral-dimension optimization algorithm of FBS based on class-pair separability(CPS)is also proposed.A spatial-dimension optimization algorithm  of FBS based on neighborhood pixels’spectral angle distance(NPSAD)is proposed so that detailed information can be kept during the image smoothing process.The results of SVC experiments based on airborne  hyperspectral image show that the proposed method can significantly improve the accuracy of SVC so that some widespread application prospects like identification of crop species,monitoring of invasive species and precision agriculture are expectable.

Combining Satellite and GIS Data to Analyze Changes in Tropic

Fresenius Environmental Bulletin  24(1), pp 394-404, 2015/01/01

王树东,汲玉河,欧阳志云,张立福,刘佳
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Changes in natural forest cover in tropical areas have attracted international attention. Rubber and pulp plantations threaten Hainan Island’s natural tropical forests. Remote sensing provides a crucial tool for understanding how forests change in response to forest protection strategies and economic development. China’s government has adopted protective measures designed to balance forest protection and economic development on Hainan; however, the effect of both management and economic development on natural tropical forest remains unclear. To identify changes in forest types, object-oriented decision-tree identification techniques were developed using Landsat TM images to identify causes of forest change. GIS techniques allowed analysis of the forest’s spatial shift using elevation, slope, transportation corridors, natural reserves, and farmlands linked to three different periods of forestry policy and economic development from 1988 to 2008. The analysis shows: (1) Total tropical forest area increased from 1988 to 2008, while natural tropical forest area increased slightly from 1988 to 1998, but decreased significantly from 1998 to 2008, despite implementation of the "Natural Forest Protection Project." Meanwhile, economic forests, mainly rubber and pulp plantations, expanded from 1988 to 2008. (2) Spatial changes occurred. Natural tropical forest shifted from the lower piedmont to higher mountaintops, and economic forests shifted to higher elevations under the complex effects of multiple factors. (3) The observed changes in forest cover could be related to protective measures and economic development, with economic development seemingly having the strongest influence on the condition of the forests. Elevation, slope, transportation corridors, and farmlands also affected the shift of tropical forests.

OMIS-Ⅱ图像大气校正之FLAASH法与经验线性法的比较

测绘通报 0(8), pp 4-6, 2010/8/25

杨杭;张霞;帅通;童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

"光谱地壳"计划--探索新一代矿产勘查技术

地球信息科学学报 0(0), pp 214-218, 2012/6

王晋年; 李志忠; 张立福; 童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

4个不同居群新疆阿魏中挥发性成分分析

现代中药研究与实践 0(5), pp 24-27, 2013/9/15

盛萍; 刘悦; 刘洋洋; 范冰舵; 徐海燕; 苗丽娟; 张立福; 徐暾海
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

垂直观测时水平粗糙地表偏振反射作用研究

红外与毫米波学报 28(2), pp 151-155, 2009/4/15

吴太夏; 晏磊; 相云; 施健; 赵云升
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

安徽贵池铜山牌唐代冶炼遗址的发掘

中国国家博物馆馆刊 0(3), pp 32-45, 2012/3/15

杨林;李刚;汪景辉;赵建明;曲毅;尹旺来;蔺启忠;王钦军;李庆亭;王黎明;刘学;杨杭;秦颖
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

地面成像光谱数据的田间杂草识别

遥感学报 0(4), pp 855-871, 2013/7/25

李颖; 张立福; 严薇; 黄长平; 童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

采用非正定OCSVM的高光谱影像地物检测

遥感学报 0(6), pp 1157-1172, 2012/11/25

陈伟; 余旭初; 张立福; 张鹏强
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

北京一号小卫星NDVI时间序列重建方法研究

遥感信息 0(1), pp 68-72, 2012/2/15

张霞;张旭凯;帅通
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

干涉成像光谱仪高光谱数据信息质量评估

红外与毫米波学报 0(2), pp 143-147, 2012/4/15

张霞;帅通;赵冬
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

基于MODIS EVI图像时间序列的冬小麦面积提取

农业工程学报 0(0), pp 220-224, 2010/10/15

张霞;帅通;杨杭;黄长平
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

基于大气中性点的地-气分离方法空基验证探究

光谱学与光谱分析 0(9), pp 2525-2531, 2013/9/15

杨尚强;关桂霞;赵海盟;赵红颖;杨彬;张文凯;谭翔;吴太夏;晏磊
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

基于权重光谱解混方法的高光谱矿物填图

遥感学报 0(3), pp 609-625, 2013/5/25

刘凯; 张立福; 覃环虎; 孙雪剑
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

基于热红外发射光谱的岩石SiO2定量反演模型研究

Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi/spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis 0(6), pp 1611-1615, 2012/6/15

杨杭; *张立福; 黄照强; 张学文; 童庆禧; YANG Hang1,2,ZHANG Li-fu1,HUANG Zhao-qiang3,ZHANG
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

基于天空偏振光分布模式的仿生导航定向机理初

北京大学学报(自然科学版) 45(4), pp 616-620, 2009/7/20

晏磊; 关桂霞; 陈家斌; 吴太夏; 邵轩
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

基于热红外发射光谱的岩石SiO_2定量反演模型研究

光谱学与光谱分析 0(6), pp 1611-1615, 2012/6/15

杨杭;张立福;黄照强;张学文;童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

面向对象的航空高光谱图像混合分类方法

地球信息科学学报 0(6), pp 941-948, 2014/10

李雪轲; 王晋年; 张立福; 杨杭; 刘凯
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

麻黄药材中麻黄碱含量与产地生态环境关系的初

中医药信息 0(2), pp 1-3, 2014/3/10

盛萍; 张立福; 时晓娟; 李朋收; 刘洋洋; 李春娜; 徐暾海
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

面向对象分析的非结构化背景目标高光谱探测方

光谱学与光谱分析 0(6), pp 1653-1657, 2013/6/15

刘凯;*张立福;杨杭;朱海涛;姜海玲;李瑶
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

利用嫦娥一号IIM模拟数据提取月表矿物端元的精

遥感学报 0(6), pp 1205-1221, 2012/11/25

帅通;张霞;张明;刘波;BAIGMuhammadhasanali
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

水体的多角度偏振波谱特性及其在水色遥感中应

光谱学与光谱分析 30(2), pp 448-452, 2010/2/15

吴太夏; 晏磊; 相云; 赵云升; 陈伟
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

偏振遥感研究进展

大气与环境光学学报 5(3), pp 162-174, 2010/5/15

晏磊; 相云; 李宇波; 吴太夏; 关桂霞; 陈伟
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

偏振遥感的中性点大气纠正方法研究

遥感学报 30(2), pp 1064-1068, 2013/3/11

吴太夏;张立福;岑奕;黄长平;赵恒谦;孙雪剑
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

遥感技术在城市绿地调查中的应用研究

今日科苑 0(10), pp 276-277, 2009/5/23

伊云忠; 张立福
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

卫星传感器波段平均太阳辐照度计算及可靠性分

国土资源遥感 12(3), pp 97-102, 2012/8

胡顺石;*张立福;张霞;王倩;韩冰;张楠
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

遥感影像大气校正通用查找表的设计与插值算法

遥感学报 0(1), pp 45-60, 2013/12

胡顺石; 张立福; 佘晓君; 童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

土壤重金属Cu含量遥感反演的波段选择与最佳光谱

遥感技术与应用 0(3), pp 353-357, 2010/6/15

黄长平;刘波;张霞;童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

遥感影像相对辐射校正方法及适用性研究

遥感学报 0(3), pp 597-617, 2014/3

段依妮;张立福;晏磊;吴太夏;刘跃生;童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

植被指数对旱灾的响应研究—以中国西南地区2

遥感学报 0(0), pp 720-737, 2012/7

严建武; 陈报章; 房世峰; 张慧芳; 付东杰; 薛晔
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Quantitative Estimation of CaO Content in Surface Rocks Using

光谱学与光谱分析 31(11), pp 0-0, 2011

张立福; 张学文; 黄照强; 杨杭; 张飞舟
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Use of UAV oblique imaging for detection of individual trees

Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 14(2), pp 404-412, 2015/4/15

摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Oblique imaging and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) are two state-of-the-art remote sensing (RS) techniques that are undergoing explosive development. While their synthesis means more possibilities for applications such as urban forestry and urban greening, the related methods for data processing and information extraction, e.g. individual tree detection, are still in short supply. In order to help fill this technical gap, this study focused on developing a new method applicable for detection of individual trees in UAV oblique images. The planned algorithm is composed of three steps: 1) classification based on K-means clustering and RGB-based vegetation index derivation to acquire vegetation cover maps, 2) suggestion of new feature parameters by synthesizing texture and color parameters to identify vegetation distribution, 3) individual tree detection based on marker-controlled watershed segmentation and shape analysis. The evaluations based on the images within residential environments indicated that the commission and omission errors are less than 32% and 26%, respectively. The results have basically validated the proposed method.

The Effects of Solar Irradiance Spectra on Calculation of Nar

The Effects of Solar Irradiance Spectra on Calculation of Narrow Band Top-of-Atmosphere Hyperspectral Reflectance 7(1), pp 49-58, 2014/1/1

Lifu Zhang; Shunshi HU; Hang Yang; Taixia Wu; Qingxi Tong; *Feizhou Zhang
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Calculation of the Terrestrial Vegetation Index VIUPD Using M

武汉大学学报(信息科学版) 30(8), pp 0-0, 2005

张立福; 张良培; 村松加奈子; 藤原昇
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Simulation of EO-1 Hyperion Data from ALI Multispectral Data

Sensors 9(4), pp 3090-3108, 2009/4

Liu, Bo; *Zhang, Lifu; Zhang, Xia; Zhang, Bing; Tong, Qingxi
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Data simulation is widely used in remote sensing to produce imagery for a new sensor in the design stage, for scale issues of some special applications, or for testing of novel algorithms. Hyperspectral data could provide more abundant information than traditional multispectral data and thus greatly extend the range of remote sensing applications. Unfortunately, hyperspectral data are much more difficult and expensive to acquire and were not available prior to the development of operational hyperspectral instruments, while large amounts of accumulated multispectral data have been collected around the world over the past several decades. Therefore, it is reasonable to examine means of using these multispectral data to simulate or construct hyperspectral data, especially in situations where hyperspectral data are necessary but hard to acquire. Here, a method based on spectral reconstruction is proposed to simulate hyperspectral data (Hyperion data) from multispectral Advanced Land Imager data (ALI data). This method involves extraction of the inherent information of source data and reassignment to newly simulated data. A total of 106 bands of Hyperion data were simulated from ALI data covering the same area. To evaluate this method, we compare the simulated and original Hyperion data by visual interpretation, statistical comparison, and classification. The results generally showed good performance of this method and indicated that most bands were well simulated, and the information both preserved and presented well. This makes it possible to simulate hyperspectral data from multispectral data for testing the performance of algorithms, extend the use of multispectral data and help the design of a virtual sensor.

Investigation and Assessment of Damage in Earthquake Wenchuan

遥感学报 12(5), pp 673-682, 2008/9/15

魏成阶; 刘亚岚; 王世新; 张立福; 黄晓霞
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Earthquake is one of the most destructive natural disasters in China.For a long time,investigation of earthquake damage has been based on field surveys,but disadvantages of this means,such as huge workload,low efficiency,too much expense and un-visualized information,make it not practical.However,remote sensing technique can provide a rapid and effective approach for quick investigation and assessment of earthquake damage,owning to its characteristics of objectivity,real-time and macro-scope view.The histor...

Hyperspectral data transformation and vegetation index perfor

Journal of Imaging Science and Technology 51(2), pp 141-147, 2007/4

Zhang, Lifu; Zhang, Liangpei; Yan, Lei; Fujiwara, Noboru; Muramatsu, Kanako; Daigo, Motomasa
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Traditional vegetation indices are based on only a few spectral bands. However, hyperspectral spectrometers, such as the airborne visible infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS), collect data with 224 contiguous spectral bands. Traditional vegetation index extraction methods lose much of the information contained in hyperspectral data. The universal pattern decomposition method (UPDM) is tailored for hyperspectral data analysis. In this article, we consider the UPDM as a type of multivariate analysis; standard patterns are interpreted as an oblique coordinate system and coefficients are thought of as the coordinates of a pixel';s reflectance. This article describes UPDM hyperspectral data transformation of AVIRIS data, the performance of a vegetation index based on the universal pattern decomposition method (VIUPD), and the influences of a noise-to-vegetation index. The results demonstrate that the VIUPD is an effective vegetation information extraction approach for hyperspectral data. The VIUPD is more sensitive to vegetation conditions than the normalized difference vegetation index and enhanced vegetation index. Furthermore, noise influences can be neglected in VIUPD computations, with satisfactory accuracy.

A new vegetation index based on the universal pattern decompo

International Journal of Remote Sensing 28(1), pp 107-124, 2007/1

*Zhang, Lifu; Furumi, S.; Muramatsu, K.; Fujiwara, N.; Daigo, M.; Zhang, Liangpei
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
This study examined a new vegetation index, based on the universal pattern decomposition method (VIUPD). The universal pattern decomposition method (UPDM) allows for sensor-independent spectral analysis. Each pixel is expressed as the linear sum of standard spectral patterns for water, vegetation and soil, with supplementary patterns included when necessary. Pattern decomposition coefficients for each pixel contain almost all the sensor-derived information, while having the benefit of sensor independence. The VIUPD is expressed as a linear sum of the pattern decomposition coefficients; thus, the VIUPD is a sensor-independent index. Here, the VIUPD was used to examine vegetation amounts and degree of terrestrial vegetation vigor; VIUPD results were compared with results by the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), an enhanced vegetation index (EVI) and a conventional vegetation index based on pattern decomposition (VIPD). The results showed that the VIUPD reflects vegetation and vegetation activity more sensitively than the NDVI and EVI.

Assessment of the universal pattern decomposition method usin

International Journal of Remote Sensing 28(1), pp 125-142, 2007/1

*Zhang, Lifu; Fujiwara, N.; Furumi, S.; Muramatsu, K.; Daigo, M.; Zhang, Liangpei
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
The universal pattern decomposition method (UPDM) is a sensor-independent method in which each satellite pixel is expressed as the linear sum of fixed, standard spectral patterns for water, vegetation and soil. The same normalized spectral patterns can be used for different solar-reflected spectral satellite sensors. Supplementary patterns are included when necessary. The UPDM has been applied successfully to simulated data for Landsat/ETM +, Terra/MODIS, ADEOS-II/GLI and 92-band CONTINUE sensors using ground-measured data. This study validates the UPDM using MODIS and ETM + data acquired over the Three Gorges region of China. The reduced chi(2) values for selected area D, that with the smallest terrain influences, are 0.000409 (MODIS) and 0.000181 (ETM +), and the average linear regression factor between MODIS and ETM + is 1.0077, with root mean square (rms) value 0.0082. The linear regression factor for the vegetation index based on the UPDM (VIUPD) between MODIS and ETM + data for area D is 1.0089 with rms 0.0696. Both UPDM coefficients and VIUPD are sensor independent for the above sensors.

Sensor-independent analysis method for hyperspectral data bas

International Journal of Remote Sensing 27(21), pp 4899-4910, 2006/11/10

*Zhang, Lifu; Furumi, S.; Muramatsu, K.; Fujiwara, N.; Daigo, M.; Zhang, Liangpei
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
This paper describes a modified pattern decomposition method with a supplementary pattern. The proposed approach can be regarded either as a type of spectral mixing analysis or as a kind of multivariate analysis; the later explanation is more suitable considering the presence of the additional supplementary patterns. The sensor-independent method developed herein uses the same normalized spectral patterns for any sensor: fixed multi-band (1260 bands) spectra serve as the universal standard spectral patterns. The resulting pattern decomposition coefficients showed sensor independence. That is, regardless of sensor, the three coefficients had nearly the same values for the same samples. The estimation errors for pattern decomposition coefficients depended on the sensor used. The estimation errors for Landsat/MSS and ALOS/AVNIR-2 were larger than those of Landsat/TM (ETM+), Terra/MODIS and ADEOS-II/GLI. The latter three sensors had negligibly small errors.

Universal Pattern Decomposition Method Based on Hyper Spectra

武汉大学学报(信息科学版) 30(3), pp 264-268, 2005

张立福; 张良培; 村松加奈子; 藤原昇
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

analysing dynamic property of skylight polarization pattern g

计算机应用与软件 26(12), pp 459-463, 2009

关桂霞; 晏磊; 陈家斌; 吴太夏
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Research and application of multi-angle polarization characte

Science in China - Series D: Earth Sciences 50(6), pp 946-952, 2007/6

Luo YangJie; Zhao YunSheng; Li XiaoWen; Wu TaiXia; Zhao Lu
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
On the basis of the multi-angle polarized reflection spectrum of the water samples, the water body mirror reflection polarization characteristics and mechanism are described systematically. By altering such influential factors as the angle of incidence, detecting angle, detecting azimuth angle and polarization angle, ubiquitous laws for the multi-angle polarized reflection spectrum of the water samples are obtained. Combining multi-angle remote sensing with polarized light, the multi-angle polarized reflection method about eliminating the water body mirror reflection and the suitable time of the polarized remote sensing of the water body are proposed. This study provides technical references for the application of multi-angle polarization technology on water body remote sensing.

study on comparison of bidirectional specular reflection comp

红外与毫米波学报 26(4), pp 284-288, 2007

赵乃卓; 赵云升; 晏磊; 吴太夏; 相云
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Relationship Between Solar Zenith Angle and Degree of Polariz

地理科学 27(5), pp 707-710, 2007

杜嘉; 赵云升; 宋开山; 吴太夏
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

A Preliminary Method to Determine Critical Soil Moisture Valu

土壤通报 38(2), pp 220-224, 2007

杜嘉; 赵云升; 吴太夏; 宋开山
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Applications of polarization in elimination of sun glitter in

光学技术 33(3), pp 375-378, 2007

杜嘉; 赵云升; 吴太夏; 罗杨杰
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Polarization and sun glitter's peeling-off of multi-angle rem

光学技术 32(2), pp 205-208, 2006

罗杨洁; 赵云升; 胡新礼; 吴太夏
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

A Formula for Quick Arithmetic of Gradient on Orienteering Ma

测绘通报 0(9), pp 60-61, 2006

赵云升; 胡新礼; 张洪波; 周启超; 吴太夏
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

The bidirectional polarized reflectance model of soil

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 43(12), pp 2854-2859, 2005/12

*Wu, TX; Zhao, YS
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Soil albedo is a critical parameter affecting the Earth\'s climate and environment. In remote sensing data, analysis of the soil bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) has to be known. Several models for bidirectional reflectance over soil have been developed. The Hapke bidirectional reflectance model has been widely used for soil modeling. Polarization of radiation reflected by soil carries important information of soil properties. The polarized light always goes with the bidirectional reflectance. Therefore, polarization reflectance of a ground target carries equivalent important information as bidirectional reflectance. Detecting multiangle polarization information of soil becomes a new method in quantitative remote sensing., In this paper, we analyzed the existence of polarization on the soil surface in a 2 pi space and compared the bidirectional reflectance with the bidirectional polarized reflectance. We then developed a new polarized BRDF model of soil as the bidirectional polarization distribution function (BPDF) model. The BPDF model helps to improve classification and quantitative analysis of soil.

Research on Quantitative Relation Between Multi - angle Polar

矿业研究与开发 25(3), pp 63-66, 2005

赵云升; 吴太夏; 宋开山; 贾玲; 赵丽丽
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

The design and implementation of remote sensing image backgro

地质通报 30(5), pp 0-0, 2011

陈建平; 张立福; 朱文君
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Fresh and Frozen-Thawed Meat Discrimination Based on FISS Ima

光谱学与光谱分析 31(8), pp 0-0, 2011

张学文; 张立福; 黄长平; 郑兰芬; 童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Evaluation of Sensor Spectral Parameters for the Simulation A

光谱学与光谱分析 30(7), pp 0-0, 2010

李博; 晏磊; 张立福
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

The Optimal Choice of Edge-Radiation-Distortion Correction Me

国土资源遥感 0(2), pp 17-21, 2010/6/15

杨杭; 张霞; 和海霞; 张立福; 童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Owing to the effects of the bigger Field-of-View(FOV),atmospheric attenuation,non-Lambertian reflectance of ground objects and the sun-object-sensor geometry,the radiance of airborne hyperspectral imaging spectrometer image tends to be distorted along the scanning lines,and hence it is difficult to use these data directly for quantitative or semi-quantitative applications.This study tried to correct the radiometric distortion of hyperspectral images of OMIS-II(Operative Modular Imaging Spectrometer) by usin...

An evaluation of the effect of the spectral response function

International Journal of Remote Sensing 31(8), pp 2083-2090, 2010

*Zhang, Lifu; Liu, Bo; Zhang, Bing; Tong, Qingxi
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
In previous studies of the universal pattern decomposition method (UPDM), the band width has been used to calculate standard spectral pattern vectors, without consideration of the effect of spectral response functions (SRFs). This study revised the UPDM to further reduce sensor dependence, by taking into account the effect of SRFs. Both the UPDM and the revised UPDM (RUPDM) were applied to MODIS and ETM+ data acquired over the Three Gorges region of China. The reconstruction accuracy was significantly greater when the RUPDM was used, with a relative decrease in the mean chi(2) of more than 14%. Using the new method, the dependence of the decomposition coefficients and vegetation index (VIUPD) on the sensor also decreased, with their linear regression factors approximately equal to one. These increases in accuracy indicate that the RUPDM further reduces sensor dependence and hence can outperform the UPDM in data retrieval.

Research on Crop-Weed Discrimination Using a Field Imaging Sp

光谱学与光谱分析 30(7), pp 0-0, 2010

刘波; 方俊永; 刘学; 张立福; 张兵; 童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Characteristics of the neutral points of atmospheric polariza

哈尔滨工程大学学报 31(4), pp 503-506, 2010

关桂霞; 晏磊; 陈家斌; 吴太夏
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Laboratory calibration of a field imaging spectrometer system

Sensors 11(3), pp 2408-2425, 2011

Zhang, Lifu; Huang, Changping; Wu, Taixia; Zhang, Feizhou; Tong, Qingxi
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
A new Field Imaging Spectrometer System (FISS) based on a cooling area CCD was developed. This paper describes the imaging principle, structural design, and main parameters of the FISS sensor. The FISS was spectrally calibrated with a double grating monochromator to determine the center wavelength and FWHM of each band. Calibration results showed that the spectral range of the FISS system is 437-902 nm, the number of channels is 344 and the spectral resolution of each channel is better than 5 nm. An integrating sphere was used to achieve absolute radiometric calibration of the FISS with less than 5% calibration error for each band. There are 215 channels with signal to noise ratios (SNRs) greater than 500 (62.5% of the bands). The results demonstrated that the FISS has achieved high performance that assures the feasibility of its practical use in various fields.

Assessing eddy-covariance flux tower location bias across the

Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 151(1), pp 87-100, 2011/1/15

*Chen, Baozhang; Coops, Nicholas C.; Fu, Dongjie; Margolis, Hank A.; Amiro, Brian D.; Barr, Alan G.; Black, T. Andrew; Arain, M. Altaf; Bourque, Charles P-A; Flanagan, Lawrence B.; Lafleur, Peter M.; McCaughey, J. Harry; Wofsy, Steven C.
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
We describe an approach for evaluating the representativeness of eddy covariance flux measurements and assessing sensor location bias (SLB) based on footprint modelling and remote sensing This approach was applied to the 12 main sites of the Fluxnet-Canada Research Network (FCRN)/Canadian Carbon Program (CCP) located along an east-west continental-scale transect covering grassland forest and wetland biomes For each site monthly and annual footprint climatologies e monthly or annual cumulative footprints) were calculated using the Simple Analytical Footprint model on Eulerian coordinates (SAFE) The resulting footprint climatologies were then overlaid on to Images of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) derived from LANDSAT Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery which were used as surrogates of land surface fluxes to estimate SLB Results indicate that (i) the sizes of annual footprint climatology Increased exponentially with increasing cumulative footprint percentages and for a given percentage of footprint climatology the footprint areas were significantly different among the sites Typically the 90% annual footprint climatology areas varied from 1 1 km(2) to 5 0 km(2) (ii) using either NDVI or EVI as the flux surrogate the SLB was less than 5% for most sites with respect to the reference area of interest (A(r)) at 90% annual footprint climatology (scenario A) and a circular area with radius of 1 km centred at the individual tower (scenario B) with several exceptions (iii) the SLB decreased with increasing size of footprint climatology for all sites for both scenarios A and B (iv) out of 12 eight flux towers represented most of the ecosystem surrounding the towers for an area of 0 3 km(2) up to 10 km(2) with a satisfactorily low bias of <5% whereas four towers represented areas ranging from only 0 75 to 4 km(2) and (v) the seasonal differences in monthly SLB using NDVI as a flux surrogate were about 1-4% for most sites for both scenarios A and B (C) 2010 Elsevier B V All rights reserved

Novel Spectral Similarity Measurement Based Spectral Clusteri

计算机科学 39(10), pp 0-0, 2012

陈伟; 余旭初; 张立福; 张鹏强
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Assessment of the information quality of hyperspectral data f

Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves 31(2), pp 143-147, 2012

Zhang, Xia; *Shuai, Tong; Zhao, Dong
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
The information quality of the IIM hyperspectral data has been assessed from the aspects of signal-to-noise ratio and comentropy for the further applications of the IIM data. As the assessment results show, the information of the IIM data has a good quality as a whole. The quality of the information at the middle bands are much better than that at both ends of the bands. Corresponding to reflectance of plagioclase and the pyroxene, the peak in the spectrum centered around 750 nm exhibits high value of SNR and comentropy. This result is of great importance for retrieving elements and minerals on the lunar surface. However, the absorption valley, centered around 930 nm, exhibits poor information quality. Although the information quality of the first nine bands has an obvious trend of rising, the noise should be reduced carefully before use because of the low quality of them as a whole. Moreover, the information quality of the first band and the last one is too poor to use.

Characterizing spatial representativeness of flux tower eddy-

Remote Sensing of Environment 124(0), pp 742-755, 2012/9

*Chen, Baozhang; Coops, Nicholas C.; Fu, Dongjie; Margolis, Hank A.; Amiro, Brian D.; Black, T. Andrew; Arain, M. Altaf; Barr, Alan G.; Bourque, Charles P. -A.; Flanagan, Lawrence B.; Lafleur, Peter M.; McCaughey, J. Harry; Wofsy, Steven C.
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
We describe a pragmatic approach for evaluating the spatial representativeness of flux tower measurements based on footprint climatology modeling analyses of land cover and remotely sensed vegetation indices. The approach was applied to the twelve flux sites of the Canadian Carbon Program (CCP) that include grassland, wetland, and temperate and boreal forests across an east-west continental gradient. The spatial variation within the footprint area was evaluated by examining the spatial structure of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and land cover using geostatistical analyses of frequency distribution, variogram and window size. The results show that at most sites (i) the percentages of the target vegetation functional type (dominant land cover) observed by the CCP towers were higher than 60%; (ii) to some extent, most of the CCP sites presented anisotropically distributed patterns of NDVI in the 90% annual footprint climatology area; and (iii) the land surface heterogeneity within the flux footprint area differed among sites. Overall, the forest sites had larger fine-scale spatial variation than the grassland and wetland sites. The coniferous boreal forest sites had greater spatial variability than the two wetland sites and a coniferous temperate forest site. We conclude that the combination of footprint modeling, semivariogram and window size techniques, together with moderate spatial resolution remotely-sensed image data, is a pragmatic approach for assessing the spatial representativeness of flux tower measurements.

Generating high spatiotemporal resolution land surface temper

IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 10(5), pp 1011-1015, 2013

Huang, Bo; Wang, Juan; Song, Huihui; Fu, Dongjie; Wong, Kwankit
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Land surface temperature (LST) retrieved from Landsat thermal infrared bands has been proved to have the most suitable spatial resolution for urban thermal environment studies, i.e., 60 m for Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) and 120 m for Thematic Mapper (TM). However, its long revisit cycle (or low temporal resolution) coupled with cloud contamination has largely limited its application in urban environments. This letter presents a spatiotemporal image fusion model to produce high spatiotemporal resolution LST data, by combining the high spatial resolution of Landsat images and the frequent coverage of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) images. Taking into consideration light reflection and refraction among ground objects and the continuity of LST in the temperature space in urban areas, a spatiotemporal image fusion model based on bilateral filtering has been proposed. The main contribution of this model is that it accounts for the warming and cooling effect of ground objects in urban areas and establishes a new weight function to account for the effect of neighboring pixels. The proposed method is tested using four pairs of LST from Landsat ETM+ and MODIS on February 15, March 19, October 13, and November 14 in 2002, covering the center of Beijing, and the results show that our method is capable of generating dense time-series LST data by combining the strengths of the MODIS and Landsat images. Our method is also compared with a state-of-the-art method, and the better performance of our system in generating high spatiotemporal resolution LST is demonstrated.

Examining the satellite-detected urban land use spatial patte

Remote Sensing 5(10), pp 5152-5172, 2013

Wu, Hao; Sun, Yurong; *Shi, Wenzhong; Chen, Xiaoling; Fu, Dongjie
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Understanding the spatial patterns of urban land use at both the macro and the micro levels is a central issue in global change studies. Due to the nonlinear features associated with land use spatial patterns, it is currently necessary to provide some distinct analysis methods to analyze them across a range of remote sensing imagery resolutions. The objective of our study is to quantify urban land use patterns from various perspectives using multidimensional fractal methods. Three commonly used fractal dimensions, i.e., the boundary dimension, the radius dimension, and the information entropy dimension, are introduced as the typical indices to examine the complexity, centrality and balance of land use spatial patterns, respectively. Moreover, a new lacunarity dimension for describing the degree of self-organization of urban land use at the macro level is presented. A cloud-free Landsat ETM+ image acquired on 17 September 2010 was used to extract land use information in Wuhan, China. The results show that there are significant linear relationships represented by good statistical fitness related to these four indices. The results indicate that rapid urbanization has substantially affected the urban landscape pattern, and different land use types show different spatial patterns in response. This analysis reveals that multiple fractal/nonfractal indices provides a more comprehensive understanding of the spatial heterogeneity of urban land use spatial patterns than any single fractal dimension index. These findings can help us to gain deeper insight into the complex spatial patterns of urban land use.

Hyperspectral Unstructured Background Target Detection Approa

Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis 33(6), pp 1653-1657, 2013/6

Liu Kai; *Zhang Li-fu; Yang Hang; Zhu Hai-tao; Jiang Hai-ling; Li Yao
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
In order to reduce the limitation in background statistics estimation of unstructured background detector, a small target detection algorithm based on object-oriented analysis was proposed. After segmenting the whole imagery into many fairly homogenous regions using adaptive iterative method, multivariate normality test was applied to choose several optimal object sets which obey the law of normal distribution well. Then, the selected objects would be combined with GLR to perform target detection. This method could make the local background well fit a normal distribution and effectively separate the target signal from background, and meanwhile avoid the contamination effect through the selection of optimal objects. A simulation experiment was conducted on real OMIS data to validate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. The detection results were compared with those detected by the unstructured background detector GLR and improved GLR which incorporated K Means clustering. The results show that the proposed algorithm has better detection performance and lower false alarm probability than other detection algorithms.

Estimating landscape net ecosystem exchange at high spatial-t

Remote Sensing of Environment 141(0), pp 90-104, 2014

Fu, Dongjie; Chen, Baozhang; Zhang, Huifang; Wang, Juan; Black, T. Andy; Amiro, Brian; Bohrer, Gil; Bolstad, Paul; Coulter, Richard; Rahman, Faiz; Dunn, Allison; Harry, McCaughey; Meyers, Tilden; Verma, Shashi
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
More accurate estimation of the carbon dioxide flux depends on the improved scientific understanding of the terrestrial carbon cycle. Remote-sensing-based approaches to continental-scale estimation of net ecosystem exchange (NEE) have been developed but coarse spatial resolution is a source of errors. Here we demonstrate a satellite-based method of estimating NEE using Landsat TM/ETM+data and an upscaling framework. The upscaling framework contains flux-footprint climatology modeling, modified regression tree (MRT) analysis and image fusion. By scaling NEE measured at flux towers to landscape and regional scales, this satellite-based method can improve NEE estimation at high spatial-temporal resolution at the landscape scale relative to methods based on MODIS data with coarser spatial-temporal resolution. This method was applied to sixteen flux sites from the Canadian Carbon Program and AmeriFlux networks located in North America, covering forest, grass, and cropland biomes. Compared to a similar method using MODIS data, our estimation is more effective for diagnosing landscape NEE with the same temporal resolution and higher spatial resolution (30m versus 1km) (r2=0.7548 vs. 0.5868, RMSE=1.3979 vs. 1.7497gCm-2day-1, average error=0.8950 vs. 1.0178gCm-2day-1, relative error=0.47 vs. 0.54 for fused Landsat and MODIS imagery, respectively). We also compared the regional NEE estimations using Carbon Tracker, our method and eddy-covariance observations. This study demonstrates that the data-driven satellite-based NEE diagnosed model can be used to upscale eddy-flux observations to landscape scales with high spatial-temporal resolutions.

Evaluation of multiple spring phenological indicators of year

Remote Sensing 6(3), pp 1991-2007, 2014

Wang, Qian; *Zhang, Lifu; Wu, Taixia; Cen, Yi; Huang, Changping; Tong, Qingxi
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Phenological shifts in events such as flowering and bud break are important indicators of ecosystem processes, and are therefore of particular significance for carbon (C) cycle research. Using long-term flux data from three contrasting plant functional type (evergreen and deciduous) boreal forest sites, we evaluated and compared the responses of annual C fluxes to multiple spring phenological indicators, including the C-uptake period onset (CUP onset), spring temperature (average value from March to May), and satellite-derived enhanced vegetation index (EVI) (average value from March to May). We found that the CUP onset was negatively correlated with annual gross primary production (GPP) for all three sites, but that its predictive strength for annual net ecosystem production (NEP) differed substantially among plant functional types. Spring temperature demonstrated particularly good potential for predicting both annual GPP and NEP for the evergreen sites, but not for the deciduous site. Spring EVI was demonstrated to have potential for predicting annual NEP for all sites. However, both plant functional types confounded the correlation of annual NEP with annual GPP. Although none of these phenological indicators provided consistent insight into annual C fluxes, using various currently available datasets our results remain potentially useful for the assessment of forest C cycling with future climate change. Previous analyses using only a single phenological metric should be considered with caution.

Hyperspectral imagery denoising based on oblique subspace pro

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing 7(6), pp 2468-2480, 2014

Wang, Qian; Zhang, Lifu; Tong, Qingxi; *Zhang, Feizhou
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
This paper presents a hyperspectral imagery denoising algorithm based on oblique subspace projection (DOBSP), which considers the correlation between noise and signal. The algorithm first estimates the signal and noise through segmentation Gaussian filtering which can reduce more influence of the image texture than traditional Gaussian filtering. Then, signal and noise estimates are fed into principal component analysis (PCA) to identify their respective subspace basis vectors. Finally, these basis vectors are used to compute matrices of oblique subspace projection (OBSP), and the signal and noise are extracted from the original image through OBSP. We assessed the DOBSP algorithm using both simulated and real Hyperion images. The orthogonal subspace projection (OSP) which assumes that noise is independent on signal and the subspace-based striping noise reduction (SBSR) algorithm which uses polynomial model to describe the relationship between noise and signal were introduced for comparison. Compared with signal and noise results by OSP and SBSR, both signal and noise extracted by DOBSP on the simulated image are closer to the original simulated signal and noise, and the noise image obtained by DOBSP on the Hyperion image has fewer textures.

Using a remote sensing driven model to analyze effect of land

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing 7(9), pp 3892-3902, 2014

Wang, Yujuan; *Wang, Shudong; Yang, Shentian; Zhang, Lifu; Zeng, Hongjuan; Zheng, Donghai
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
In-depth study of the soil moisture mechanisms and understanding of the soil moisture transport law has an important practical significance for regional water resources management and the challenge of the water resources scarcity. Using traditional methods of soil moisture monitoring, deep soil layers can be monitored, but continuous monitoring of soil moisture at the regional level cannot be achieved. Although remote sensing simulation models can meet regional scale needs, these models are confined to the surface soil layer, and research on deep soil moisture inversion is still lacking. This paper focuses on these two issues, and investigates a remote sensing-driven soil moisture monitoring model for the Weihe River Basin. Considering water resource management needs in the Weihe River Basin, we improved the structure of the soil moisture balance model and optimized model parameters to build the remote sensing driven soil moisture balance model (RS-SWBM). Based on soil moisture modeling, the effect of vegetation on soil moisture in the Weihe River Basin was analyzed. The RS-SWBM developed for the Weihe River Basin was validated with observational data and Global Land Data Assimilation System (GLDAS) soil moisture data products. Based on the correlation analysis, correlation coefficients were all above 0.80, reflecting the effectiveness of the model. The effects of different vegetation types on soil moisture dynamics and consumption efficiency were analyzed. The results indicated that different vegetation types experienced different seasonal variations, vertical patterns, and consumption efficiencies, with strong correlations existing between these parameters and land use as well as precipitation.

Derivation of a tasselled cap transformation based on Landsat

Remote Sensing Letters 5(5), pp 423-431, 2014

Baig, Muhammad Hasan Ali; *Zhang, Lifu; Shuai, Tong; Tong, Qingxi
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
The tasselled cap transformation (TCT) is a useful tool for compressing spectral data into a few bands associated with physical scene characteristics with minimal information loss. TCT was originally evolved from the Landsat multi-spectral scanner (MSS) launched in 1972 and is widely adapted to modern sensors. In this study, we derived the TCT coefficients for the newly launched (2013) operational land imager (OLI) sensor on-board Landsat 8 for at-satellite reflectance. A newly developed standardized mechanism was used to transform the principal component analysis (PCA)-based rotated axes through Procrustes rotation (PR) conformation according to the Landsat thematic mapper (TM)-based tasselled cap space. Firstly, OLI data were transformed into TM TCT space directly and considered as a dummy target. Then, PCA was applied on the original scene. Finally, PR was applied to get the transformation results in the best conformation to the target image. New coefficients were analysed in detail to confirm Landsat 8-based TCT as a continuity of the original tasselled cap idea. Results show that newly derived set of coefficients for Landsat OLI is in continuation of its predecessors and hence provide data continuity through TCT since 1972 for remote sensing of surface features such as vegetation, albedo and water. The newly derived TCT for OLI will also be very useful for studying biomass estimation and primary production for future studies.

Spatially explicit estimation of soil-water resources by coup

Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 8(1), pp 11-19, 2014

Wang, Shudong; *Wang, Yujuan; Yang, Shengtian; Wang, Mingcheng; Zhang, Lifu; Liu, Jia
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Soil-water resources are key components for agriculture and have great potential. Strategic and significant efforts are, therefore, required to make full use of soil-water resources, especially in dry or semidry areas.We coupled a soil-water model with remotely sensed data and associated techniques to analyze the spatial-temporal dynamics of soil-water resources in the Weihe River Basin in China. The moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS), Chinese meteorological satellite precipitation estimation data (FY-2), and global land data assimilation system (GLDAS) products were used for spatial land surface characteristics interpretation and model parameters derivation. The modeling results were compared and validated using data from a nearby observation site. The average soil-water resources of the Weihe River Basin vary between 40 and 100 mm during the simulation period from January to December, with a maximum of 99 mm appearing in August and a minimum of 38 mm in December. Forest land was characterized by large soil-water resources, with an average annual rate of 1094.7 mm. Farmland and grassland exhibited low values, with average annual rates of 986.7 and 893.5 mm, respectively. The results could be taken into consideration for soil-water resources management.

An Abundance Characteristic-Based Independent Component Analy

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 53(1), pp 416-428, 2015/1

*Wang, Nan; Du, Bo; Zhang, Liangpei; Zhang, Lifu
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Independent component analysis (ICA) has been recently applied into hyperspectral unmixing as a result of its low computation time and its ability to perform without prior information. However, when applying ICA for hyperspectral unmixing, the independence assumption in the ICA model conflicts with the abundance sum-to-one constraint and the abundance nonnegative constraint in the linear mixture model, which affects the hyperspectral unmixing accuracy. In this paper, we consider an abundance matrix composed of Np-dimensional variables, and we propose a new hyperspectral unmixing approach with an abundance characteristic-based ICA model. Two characteristics of the abundance variables are explored, and the model is constructed by these characteristics. A corresponding gradient descent algorithm is also proposed to solve the proposed objective function. Both the synthetic and real experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method performs better than the other state-of-the-art methods in abundance and endmember extraction.

A Simple Enhanced Water Index (EWI) for Percent Surface Water

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing 8(1), pp 90-97, 2015/1/1

Shudong Wang; Muhammad Hasan Ali Baig; *Lifu Zhang; Hailiang Jiang; Yuhe Ji; Hengqian Zhao; Jingguo Tian
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Research on the characteristics of strong linearly related ba

Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves 32(6), pp 563-568, 2013/12

Zhao Heng-Qian; *Zhang Li-Fu; Cen Yi; Wu Tai-Xia; Wang Jin-Nian
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
The spectra of mineral powder and mineral rock were compared and analyzed. A quantitative inversion based on DRS was performed on powder mixtures of plaster and allochite to extract the strong linear bands of each component separately. Combining with the absorption characteristics of endmember minerals, the distribution characteristics of strong linear bands on the reflectance spectra, the ratio spectra and the derivative of ratio spectra were discussed.

Thermal Infrared Target Recognition Using Multi-scale Fractal

武汉大学学报:信息科学版 37(3), pp 0-0, 2012

张立福; 杨杭; 房丛卉; 潘懋
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Using the thermal infrared image acquired by thermal airborne hyperspectral imager(TASI),temperature and emissivity are separated.And target fine recognition based on temperature image using multi-scale fractal model was studied.Experimental results show that there is a positive correlation between fractal dimension and complexity of temperature spatial heterogeneity.Spatial distribution of temperature has a character of multi-scale fractal.Multi-scale fractal method was used to extract the thresholds,and extract the edge feature of building successfully.This method has an important value on classification,information extraction,and scale effect.

An Approach to Generate Synthetic Hyperspectral Data Used for

遥感技术与应用 27(5), pp 0-0, 2012

张明; 张霞; 赵冬; 黄长平; 张立福
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Linear spectral unmixing has been intensively studied for more than ten years, now it is a com- monly accepted approach to spectral unmixing, and a number of algorithms have been developed, but the objective evaluation of these algorithms is the foundation to the wide use of them. As the acquisition of reli- able ground-truth data is difficult and expensive, the use of real scenarios is limited, the simulated data have been used widely in the evaluation of these algorithms. The approach based on Dirichlet distribution is one of the common used methods for the simulation of hyperspectral data,it is more flexible and the Dirichlet density is suited to model abundance fractions. However,the parameters of the Dirichlet distribution affect the simulated results ,and improper parameters will cause the simulated data to lose the property that the hyperspectral data should preserve. This paper analyses the influence of the Dirichlet parameters on simula- ted results, and discusses the restrictions of the parameters value, and provides the recommended parame- ters range (0,1.5).

"Spectral Crust" Project:Research on New Mineral Exploration

地球信息科学学报 0(3), pp 344-351, 2012/6/15

王晋年;李志忠;张立福;童庆禧;WANGJinnian1,LIZhizhong2,ZHANGLifu1andTONGQi;2.ChinaGeologicalSurvey,ScienceandTechnologyM
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Monitoring Spatio-Temporal Spectral Characteristics of Leaves

光谱学与光谱分析 32(6), pp 0-0, 2012

刘波; 童庆禧; 张立福; 张霞; 岳跃民; 张兵
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

A spectral angle distance-weighting reconstruction method for

IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 11(9), pp 1514-1518, 2014

Shuai, Tong; Zhang, Xia; Wang, Shudong; Zhang, Lifu; Shang, Kun; Chen, Xiaoping; Wang, Jinnian
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Land surface temperature (LST) is an important parameter in the physics of land surface processes, but a large number of pixels are often filled as zero due to cloud, heavy aerosols, and so on in the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) LST product. This letter presents the spectral angle distance (SAD)-weighting reconstruction (SADWER) method of reconstruction of zero-filled pixels of the MODIS LST product. It relies on the hypothesis that pixels with the same land-cover type have nearly the same LST in a localized area. SAD can measure the similarity of land-cover types of different pixels, and pixels with higher land-cover similarity can contribute more to the reconstruction using the weighting method. The result shows that the reconstruction ratio could be as high as 95% using only the SADWER method and nearly 100% after spatial filter postprocessing. The reconstruction accuracy is validated using artificially generated 20-, 50-, and 80-km-diameter concentrically filled areas in both forest and crop land-cover types. The statistical result shows that the standard deviations of the reconstruction errors are less than 2 Kelvin.

Temperature and Emissivity Separation from Thermal Airborne H

Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 79(12), pp 1099-1107, 2013/12

Yang Hang; *Zhang Lifu; Gao Yingqian; Hu Ghunshi; Li Xueke; Zhang Genzhong; Tong Qingxi
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
The Thermal Airborne Hyperspectral Imager (TASI) acquires 32 bands to provide continuous spectral coverage in the wavelength range of 8 to 11.5 mu m. The instrument was used during a field campaign in the City of Shiliazhuang, Hebei Province, China, in 2010. Land surface temperature and emissivity were measured near simultaneous with the airborne campaign for calibration and validation of the instrument. Radiance calibration was performed band-by-band using calibration coefficients, and atmospheric correction was performed using data from in situ measurements and the MODTRAN model. Surface temperature and emissivity separation were determined using the ASTER temperature-emissivity separation (ASTER_TES) and iterative spectral smooth temperature and emissivity separation (ISSTES) methods. The ASTER_TES method resulted in satisfactory agreement with ground data, with root mean square error (RMSE) values of 2.2 K for temperature and 0.0460 for broad-emissivity. The ISSTES method provided better ground validation results, with a RMSE for temperature of 1.8 K and a RMSE for broad-emissivity of 0.0394. The emissivity shapes acquired by the two methods were very similar. The results have relevance to studies of global climate change, environmental monitoring, classification, feature mining, and target recognition.

Enhancement of Spectral Resolution for Remotely Sensed Multis

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing 8(5), pp 2198-2211, 2015/05/01

Xuejian Sun; Lifu Zhang; Hang Yang; Taixia Wu; Yi Cen; Yi Guo
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Hyperspectral (HS) remote sensing has an important role in a wide variety of fields. However, its rapid progress has been constrained due to the narrow swath of HS images. This paper proposes a spectral resolution enhancement method (SREM) for remotely sensed multispectral (MS) image, to generate wide swath HS images using auxiliary multi/hyper-spectral data. Firstly, a set number of spectra of different materials are extracted from both the MS and HS data. Secondly, the approach makes use of the linear relationships between multi and hyper-spectra of specific materials to generate a set of transformation matrices. Then, a spectral angle weighted minimum distance (SAWMD) matching method is used to select a suitable matrix to create HS vectors from the original MS image, pixel by pixel. The final result image data has the same spectral resolution as the original HS data that used and the spatial resolution and swath were also the same as for the original MS data. The derived transformation matrices can also be used to generate multitemporal HS data from MS data for different periods. The approach was tested with three image datasets, and the spectra-enhanced and real HS data were compared by visual interpretation, statistical analysis, and classification to evaluate the performance. The experimental results demonstrated that SREM produces good image data, which will not only greatly improve the range of applications for HS data but also encourage more utilization of MS data.

Discrimination of corn varieties using Visible/Near infrared

红外与激光工程 42(9), pp 2437-2441, 2013/9/25

杨杭;*张立福
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Hyperspectral images of five corn varieties were acquired using Field Imaging Spectrometer System (FISS). After reflectance retrieved, noise removal and First-order differential, stepwise discrimination analysis based on the minimization of Wilks' lambda was employed to select the feature bands of corn spectral, and then discrimination model was built. The results of Least-one-out Cross-validation (loocv) showed that: (1) average discrimination accuracy was 91.6%, in which, discrimination accuracy of High-oil corn NO.115 was 87%, and discrimination accuracy of the other varieties was over 90%; (2) If discrimination method, band number and the size of samples of each variety are fixed, discrimination accuracy is effected by variety number and separable; (3)the effect of selected band number on discrimination accuracy was analysed and result showed that discrimination accuracy increased with the increasing of band number. Therefore, Field Imaging Spectrometer System has an important application value in corn-variety discrimination and quality examination.

Progress in Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Science and Technolo

Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of 7(1), pp 70-91, 2014/1/1

Tong Qingxi; Xue Yongqi; *zhang lifu
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
This paper reviews progress in hyperspectral remote sensing (HRS) in China, focusing on the past three decades. China has made great achievements since starting in this promising field in the early 1980s. A series of advanced hyperspectral imaging systems ranging from ground to airborne and satellite platforms have been designed, built, and operated. These include the field imaging spectrometer system (FISS), the Modular Airborne Imaging Spectrometer (MAIS), and the Chang'E-I Interferometer Spectrometer (IIM). In addition to developing sensors, Chinese scientists have proposed various novel image processing techniques. Applications of hyperspectral imaging in China have been also performed including mineral exploration in the Qilian Mountains and oil exploration in Xinjiang province. To promote the development of HRS, many generic and professional software tools have been developed. These tools such as the Hyperspectral Image Processing and Analysis System (HIPAS) incorporate a number of special algorithms and features designed to take advantage of the wealth of information contained in HRS data, allowing them to meet the demands of both common users and researchers in the scientific community.

Development and application of the field imaging spectrometer

遥感学报 14(3), pp 0-0, 2010

童庆禧; 薛永祺; 王晋年; 张立福; 方俊永; 杨一德; 刘学; 亓洪兴; 郑兰芬; 黄长平
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

A Radiometric Calibration Model for the Field Imaging Spectro

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 51(4), pp 2465-2475, 2013/4

Huang, Changping; *Zhang, Lifu; Fang, Junyong; Tong, Qingxi
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Using the field imaging spectrometer system (FISS) recently developed by us, a new operational radiometric calibration (RC) model that takes into account three main adjustable sensor system settings, including the integration time (t), the aperture (F), and the detector temperature (T), is proposed. To better understand the influence of a single setting on the RC model, controlled experiments with one variable and two fixed settings were conducted and analyzed using a well-calibrated integrating sphere. Subsequently, a new variable was constructed with the ratio of t and F-2 to determine the system-setting-based RC model, where the radiometric offset was derived from system noise estimated by keeping the FISS entrance slit from a light source in a dark environment. Finally, the model was evaluated using experimental calibration results from the integrating-sphere data and real vegetation data. The results indicated that standard and calculated radiances were consistent over most spectral wavelengths. The proposed RC model could be effectively applied not only for the FISS and other ground-based sensors but also for future Chinese-developed intelligent remote sensing satellite systems that can automatically modify imaging settings in line with specific requirements.

A Method to Destripe HJ-1A HSI Data Based on Nomalized Grey L

国土资源遥感 0(2), pp 45-49, 2012/6/15

兰穹穹;张立福;吴太夏;LANQiong-qiong1,2,ZHANGLi-fu1,WUTai-xia1(1.The;2.GraduateUniversityofChineseAcademyofScienc
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Polarized Spectral Measurement and Analysis of Sedum Spectabi

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing 6(2), pp 724-730, 2013/4

*Wu, Taixia; Zhang, Lifu; Cen, Yi; Huang, Changping; Sun, Xuejian; Zhao, Hengqian; Tong, Qingxi
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Polarized hyperspectral imaging is a new remote sensing method that combines the benefits of polarization and hyperspectral characteristics. Based on a new self-developed polarized field imaging spectrometer system (FISS-P), we collected polarized hyperspectral images of leaves of Sedum spectabile Boreau. Polarization analysis of the diffuse reflectance standard white plate indicated that the FISS-P produced accurate polarization measurements. Ten related polarization parameters (I, Q, U, DoLP, AoP, R-0, R-60, R-120, R, R-1) were analyzed in this study. The angle of polarization (AoP) spectral curves of the S. spectabile leaf had no unique spectral features. The degree of linear polarization (DoLP) spectral curves displayed distinct spectral characteristics. However, the DoLP and spectral reflectance curves of the leaf displayed contrasting trends. Different parts of the same leaf, or different S. spectabile leaves, produced different spectral curve shapes. Analysis of the five reflectance parameters demonstrated that R-0, R-60, R-120, R-I, and R were consistent for all spectral and spatial aspects.

A Novel Similarity Measurement Based on Object Detection in H

测绘科学技术学报 29(1), pp 0-0, 2012

陈伟; 余旭初; 张钢; 张立福; 张鹏强
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Models and methods for information extraction of complex grou

生态学报 32(22), pp 0-0, 2012

王树东; 张立福; 陈小平; 欧阳志云
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

The effects of solar irradiance spectra on calculation of nar

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing 7(1), pp 49-58, 2014

Zhang, Lifu; *Hu, Shunshi; Yang, Hang; Wu, Taixia; Tong, Qingxi; Zhang, Feizhou
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Extraterrestrial solar irradiance spectra detail the solar energy distribution over wavelengths, and numerous solar irradiance models are available within the remote sensing community. However, reference spectra may differ widely owing to differences in solar activity, measurement instruments and calibration. Six widely referenced solar spectra were selected in this work to examine their differences and the impacts of these differences on calculations of narrow band top-of-atmosphere reflectance using MERIS and Hyperion hyperspectral sensor spectral configurations. Mean solar exoatmospheric irradiance (MSEI) was computed using the different solar irradiance models and spectral response functions of the MERIS and Hyperion hyperspectral sensors. Then, the effects of MSEI on top-of-atmosphere (TOA) reflectance and the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and atmospherically resistant vegetation index (ARVI) were investigated. The results show that the six selected solar irradiance models have significant differences from 350 to 2500 nm, which in turn result in differences in the MSEI derived from MERIS and Hyperion observations. These differences have a less significant effect on the TOA reflectance in the visible and near-infrared bands and on NDVI. However, the differences result in large differences in TOA reflectance in the infrared bands and in ARVI.

Research on the Model of Spectral Unmixing for Minerals Based

光谱学与光谱分析 33(1), pp 172-176, 2013/1/15

赵恒谦; *张立福; 吴太夏; 黄长平; ZHAO Heng-qian1,2,ZHANG Li-fu1*,WU Tai-xia1,HUANG
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

Laboratory Calibration of a Field Imaging Spectrometer System

Sensors 11(3), pp 2408-2425, 2011/3

Zhang, Lifu; Huang, Changping; Wu, Taixia; *Zhang, Feizhou; Tong, Qingxi
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
A new Field Imaging Spectrometer System (FISS) based on a cooling area CCD was developed. This paper describes the imaging principle, structural design, and main parameters of the FISS sensor. The FISS was spectrally calibrated with a double grating monochromator to determine the center wavelength and FWHM of each band. Calibration results showed that the spectral range of the FISS system is 437-902 nm, the number of channels is 344 and the spectral resolution of each channel is better than 5 nm. An integrating sphere was used to achieve absolute radiometric calibration of the FISS with less than 5% calibration error for each band. There are 215 channels with signal to noise ratios (SNRs) greater than 500 (62.5% of the bands). The results demonstrated that the FISS has achieved high performance that assures the feasibility of its practical use in various fields.

Study on Discrimination of Varieties of Milk Based on FISS Im

Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis 31(1), pp 214-218, 2011/1

黄长平;张立福;张晓红;郑兰芬;童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Using a self-developed field imaging spectrometer system (FISS), hyperspectral images of 14 typical kinds of milk were acquired, based on which the discrimination of varieties of milk was studied. Firstly, removing 2 abnormal samples, the remaining 12 kinds of milk were randomly sampled, a total of 1 200 pixel samples. To eliminating high-frequency random noises and baseline offset and decrease the multi-collinearity, all samples were preprocessed by smooth-moving average and first derivative. Secondly, multiple discriminant analysis models for milk were built using characteristic wavelengths selected by the step-wise method. Results demonstrated that the overall identification accuracy for 1 200 spectral samples put together reached 95. 5%, of which the overall distinguishing rate of Mengniu, Yili and Guangming acidophilous milk was 88. 3%. The discriminant models for the three kinds of acidophilous milk subset, 300 spectral samples in all, were built, with the overall distinguishing rate of 88. 7%. This explicated that FISS would be useful for discriminating milk varieties, and to accomplish specific discrimination of milk varieties, it would be best for milk of the same type from different manufacturers to form a subset, which may not only reduce the model variables, improving operational efficiency and the stability of the model, but improve their overall discriminant accuracy.

Algorithm of emissivity spectrum and temperature separation b

遥感学报 0(6), pp 1242-1254, 2011/11/25

杨杭; *张立福; 张学文; 房丛卉; 童庆禧
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
The retrieval and application of emissivity spectrum and temperature are key issues in thermal infrared remote sensing.Thermal airborne hyperspectral imager has 32 bands from 8 μm to 11.5 μm,which can provide abundant useful information for the retrieval of emissivity spectrum and temperature.This paper establishes regression between MMD and β min using 274 laboratory reflectance and field emissivity spectra,analyzes its accuracy using the data field measuring,and evaluates urban surface diurnal temperature...

A data-model fusion approach for upscaling gross ecosystem pr

Biogeosciences 7(9), pp 2943-2958, 2010

*Chen, B.; Ge, Q.; Fu, D.; Yu, G.; Sun, X.; Wang, S.; Wang, H.
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
In order to use the global available eddy-covariance (EC) flux dataset and remote-sensing measurements to provide estimates of gross primary productivity (GPP) at landscape (10(1)-10(2) km(2)), regional (10(3)-10(6) km(2)) and global land surface scales, we developed a satellite-based GPP algorithm using LANDSAT data and an upscaling framework. The satellite-based GPP algorithm uses two improved vegetation indices (Enhanced Vegetation Index EVI, Land Surface Water Index - LSWI). The upscalling framework involves flux footprint climatology modelling and data-model fusion. This approach was first applied to an evergreen coniferous stand in the subtropical monsoon climatic zone of south China. The EC measurements at Qian Yan Zhou tower site (26 degrees 44'48 '' N, 115 degrees 04'13 '' E), which belongs to the China flux network and the LANDSAT and MODIS imagery data for this region in 2004 were used in this study. A consecutive series of LANDSAT-like images of the surface reflectance at an 8-day interval were predicted by blending the LANDSAT and MODIS images using an existing algorithm (ESTARFM: Enhanced Spatial and Temporal Adaptive Reflectance Fusion Model). The seasonal dynamics of GPP were then predicted by the satellite-based algorithm. MODIS products explained 60% of observed variations of GPP and underestimated the measured annual GPP (= 1879 g Cm(-2)) by 25-30%; while the satellite-based algorithm with default static parameters explained 88% of observed variations of GPP but overestimated GPP during the growing seasonal by about 20-25%. The optimization of the satellite-based algorithm using a data-model fusion technique with the assistance of EC flux tower footprint modelling reduced the biases in daily GPP estimations from about 2.24 gCm(-2) day(-1) (non-optimized, similar to 43.5% of mean measured daily value) to 1.18 gCm(-2) day(-1) (optimized, similar to 22.9% of mean measured daily value). The remotely sensed GPP using the optimized algorithm can explain 92% of the seasonal variations of EC observed GPP. These results demonstrated the potential combination of the satellite-based algorithm, flux footprint modelling and data-model fusion for improving the accuracy of landscape/regional GPP estimation, a key component for the study of the carbon cycle.

Hyperspectral Feature Extraction Based on the Reference Spect

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing. 8(6), pp 2832-2844, 2015/06/01

赵恒谦;张立福;张霞;刘佳;吴太夏;王树东
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
In spectral analysis, diagnostic absorption features can indicate the existence of specific materials. Absorption parameters such as absorption center, absorption width, and absorption depth can be used in not only identification and quantitative analysis of minerals, but also in retrieval of surface physical properties. Continuum removal (CR) is commonly used to extract absorption features. However, for a band range containing more than one absorption contribution factors, the feature extracted by CR could be a result of comprehensive effect of different factors. In this paper, a new spectral feature extraction method named reference spectral background removal (RSBR) is proposed. Given the reference spectral background, RSBR can eliminate the influence of unwanted contribution factor, and extract the absorption feature of target contribution factor. Using RSBR, the basic absorption feature parameters including the absorption center, absorption width, and absorption depth are extracted. The results are compared with those obtained from the CR. It is shown that RSBR can effectively extract pure absorption features of target material, while more accurate absorption parameters can also be achieved.

Mapping global lunar abundance of plagioclase, clinopyroxene

Icarus 222(1), pp 401-410, 2013/1

Shuai, Tong; *Zhang, Xia; Zhang, Lifu; Wang, Jinnian
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
Mineral mapping of the lunar surface is critical to understanding the Moon's geological diversity and history, yet the global lunar abundance of minerals has not been mapped using hyperspectral data. The Interference Imaging Spectrometer (IIM) of Chang'E-1 mission obtained hyperspectral data of the global lunar surface within the wavelength of 480-960 nm in which major minerals can be discriminated by faint differences in 32 contiguous hyperspectral bands. The effect of space weathering produces multiple endmembers of lunar minerals by obscuring the pure spectra of minerals in different levels. In this study, the distributions of plagioclase, clinopyroxene and olivine on the global lunar surface were mapped with IIM hyperspectral data based on the modified Multiple Endmember Spectral Mixture Analysis (MESMA) method considering the space weathering effect. The distribution of lunar space weathering levels was retrieved as a byproduct of mineral mapping. The mineral mapping results were compared with recent mapping results. Although the wavelength of IIM is limited, it shows that our results are basically consistent with the recent research at both global and local scales. The distribution of space weathering levels is also consistent with the map of optical maturity parameter (OMAT) in most parts of the global lunar surface, especially in the highlands. This study demonstrates that the modified MESMA method is an effective approach to quantitative mapping of the lunar minerals and space weathering levels using hyperspectral data. In the future, more minerals can be mapped with higher accuracy if hyperspectral data with a wider spectral range are used based on the method proposed in this study.

Comparison of the sensor dependence of vegetation indices bas

International Journal of Remote Sensing 34(6), pp 2200-2215, 2013

Chen, Xiaoping; *Zhang, Lifu; Zhang, Xia; Liu, Bo
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()
In previous studies of the universal pattern decomposition method (UPDM), spectral shifts, which are very common in hyperspectral imaging spectrometers, were not taken into account when calculating standard spectral pattern vectors. This study evaluated the effect of spectral shifts on the sensor dependence of the vegetation index based on the UPDM (VIUPD) and 11 other vegetation indices (VIs). Spectral shifts were calculated using Gao';s spectrum-matching method. The influences of smoothing techniques (moving average and Savitzky-Golay filters) on the consistency of these VIs were also evaluated and compared. Data from the typical narrowband imaging spectrometers, Hyperion and the Compact High Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (CHRIS), were chosen for the study. For all VIs, both smoothing and spectral calibration changed the consistency between Hyperion and CHRIS. Spectral calibration had a positive effect on the majority of VIs, whereas smoothing improved the performance of some VIs but decreased the consistency of others. When compared with spectral calibration and Savitzky-Golay smoothing, moving average generated greater variations within the results. Among the smoothing techniques employed, moving average smoothing exhibited a larger distortion of VI sensor dependency than that of Savitzky-Golay smoothing of the same order. VIUPD based on narrowband hyperspectral data was sensitive to spectral operations (spectral calibration and smoothing). For VIUPD, spectral calibration increased its sensor independence, whereas smoothing had a negative effect. After spectral calibration, VIUPD was more sensor independent than any other VI examined in this study.

Study on Data Access Technology of Hyperspectral Image Librar

计算机工程 38(16), pp 0-0, 2012

覃环虎; 张立福; 刘凯
摘要  ()   ┆  下载 ()

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